Electoral Commission of Zambia Vice-Chairperson, Mrs. Annette Nhekairo graces a Public Forum in Solwezi
Find Out More About The Electoral Commission Of Zambia
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An electoral system is a set of rules on how votes are converted into seats for political or civic authority.
The purpose of an electoral system is to translate the will of the people to decide on who should be President, Members of Parliament, Mayors/Council Chairpersons and Councillors.
The Electoral System in Zambia is twofold; majoritarian and simple majority or first past the post.
The Commission is an independent and autonomous Electoral Management Body (EMB) established in 1996. Since its establishment, the Commission has delivered five (5) General Elections (in 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016), two (2) Presidential Elections (in 2008 and 2015) and several National Assembly and Local Government by-elections.
Voters are persons eligible to vote in an election. The role of voters is to choose representatives by casting ballots in an election. Voters should be Zambian citizens, aged 18 and above, in possession of a green National Registration Card and a Voter’s Card. In order to vote, they must be registered in the polling station appearing on their Voters’ Card. They must also appear in the Register of Voters for that particular polling station.
Candidates seek political power by participating in elections and campaigning for support from voters. Political parties and candidates are expected to adhere to all the electoral procedures and laws, including the Electoral Code of Conduct (ECC) which they should subscribe to through the Declaration of Compliance to the Electoral Code of Conduct.
The role of monitors and observers is to gather, examine and evaluate information relating to the electoral process. During an electoral activity, a monitor plays an active role by intervening and bringing to the attention of the Presiding Officer, Returning Officer or any senior electoral official matters of concern that may arise. Observers play a passive role and are concerned with making an informed judgment on the credibility, legitimacy and transparency of the electoral process. An observer/monitor may inform the Commission in writing of any observed electoral malpractices.